Berwick

Berwick c1920

Berwick c1920 Max Thomson Collection

Berwick, 38o 3’ S. lat., 145o 22’ E. long. (Co. Mornington), is a postal township, situated on the Kardinia creek. Mount Misery range is 1½ miles N.E.; Harkaway range, 2 miles N.; Dandenong range, 7 miles N.; and Gembrook range, 12 miles N.E. The Dandenong ranges are from 1,000 to 2,000 feet in height, and comprise some of the most magnificent scenery in the colony. The ranges are heavily timbered, well-watered; soil, rich chocolate; abounding with fern trees and sassafras. Gold is found in nearly all the gullies, but no very large finds have been made yet. There are several large cheese factories and saw mills in the ranges. Excellent wine is made, and hops grown. Gold is found in most of the gullies; but the only place at present worked is the Emerald diggings, about 14 miles from Berwick, in the Dandenong ranges. Tin has also been found in the same locality, but not to any large extent. Emeralds, topazes, amethysts, and sapphires are also found in the gullies in the Gembrook ranges. Quartz in the mount Misery range, N.E. from Berwick. It is an agricultural, pastoral and mining district, chiefly alluvial. Dandenong is 7½ miles W.; Pakenham, 6½ miles E.; Clyde, 4 miles S.; Cranbourne, 7 miles S.; Narrewarren, 5 miles, and Harkaway, 3 miles N.W. Dandenong and Pakenham are on the Gipps Land railway. Berwick is also on the main Gips Land railway. There is a station at the township, and passenger trains run through each way twice a day.   The communication with Melbourne, 28 miles N.; is by rail. There is a mechanics’ institute and free library, post office, money-order office, telegraph office, and a State school in the township. Berwick is in the shire of Berwick, and electoral district of Mornington. The district is well suited for cattle rearing and dairying purposes, which are carried on to a very considerable extent in the neighbourhood. To the N. the country is mountainous, and the S. flat; basaltic lava; well grassed, watered and timbered. Large deposits of basalt, for road-making and railway ballast, in the township. The population of Berwick is about 720; the number of dwellings, 150. There are Church of England, Presbyterian, Wesleyan, Baptist, and Roman Catholic places of worship in the locality. Berwick is situated on several hills, which command an extensive view of Port Phillip bay, Western Port bay and surrounding country, and is within one hour’s ride or drive of the mountains and far-famed fern-tree gullies. There is a cricket ground on the banks of Kardinia creek, and a recreation ground to the N. of the township, on the summit of one of the prettiest hills in the district.

Berwick shire is bounded by a line commencing in the centre of the Dandenong creek opposite the S.W. angle of the parish of Scoresby, county of Mornington; thence up that creek by the parish boundaries of Ringwood and Mooroolbark, and to its head at the boundary of the country aforesaid; eastward and southward along said county boundary to a point E. of the S.E. angle of the parish of Cranbourne; W. to the Kardinia creek at said angle; up this creek to, and by the S. and W. boundaries of the parish of Berwick to the N.E. angle of section 31, parish of Eumemerring; thence along the N. boundary of this section and E. and N. boundaries of section 27 and allotments 19, 17 and 15 of section 25 to the main road from Melbourne to Sale; thence by this road to E. boundary of Dandenong township reserve; N. by this boundary to the Dandenong creek, and up this creek to the starting point. This shire is divided into the Berwick, Pakenham, and Scoresby ridings, and contains the townships of Berwick, Narrewarren, and Pakenham, and the villages of Harkaway, Fern-tree gully, North Scoresby, and Beaconsfield. Its area is 380,160 acres, of which 92.786 acres are occupied in 305 holdings, and 5,283 acres under tillage. Population, 2,200; dwellings, 630; ratepayers, 725; rate levied, 1s. in the £; total value of rateable property, £920,000.

Bailliere’s Victorian Gazetteer and Road Guide 1879

Casey Cardinia Collection

Click here to view our Berwick resources on LibraryThing.

Berwick Cemetery

Inglis Road, Berwick.

Information, burial details and a register transcription is available on the Berwick Cemetery website.

Historic Churches

Christ Church Berwick, Corner Peel and Elgin Streets.

Family History  / History Groups and Resources

The Berwick Mechanics Institute and Free Library

Monuments and Memorials

Transcriptions and images for some of Berwick’s monuments and memorials can be found here.

Websites related to Berwick